Updated: Jan 6

The following is an abstract of: Should I Try to Work It Out? A Guidebook for Individuals and Couples at the Crossroads of Divorce.

When an unhappy person consults a lawyer considering divorce, they may not be sure of the course of action they truly want to take. They teeter on a precipice of a challenging decision that will not only change their lives, but also that of their spouse and children.

Should I Try to Work It Out? A Guidebook for Individuals and Couples at the Crossroads of Divorce was written by leading social science researchers who believe people unhappy in their marriage deserve factual, research-based information about the logistics of divorce and its potential emotional and financial consequences for their family members.

The book was birthed out of curriculum taught by Dr. Alan Hawkins* in an education class for divorcing parents required by the state of Utah. Its balanced approach understands that many couples are in a very difficult place. The guidebook serves as a resource for someone considering divorce, or whose spouse is.

To quote a participant: “I truly think that people start the process (of divorce), but they don’t know what the ramifications are, but once they find out what the ramifications are, they are in it so far that they don’t want to go backwards.”

Dr. Hawkins encourages readers to make a “careful consideration of whether divorce is the right thing to do and make that decision based on the best information possible.”

Crossroads of Divorce contains content from hundreds of scientific studies that address issues like happiness/unhappiness in marriage and divorce; possible consequences for children, adults and finances; legal options and what to expect from the process. Lest anyone believe a divorce is going to be a quick fix for their problems, the book warns: “For most people, the legal process of divorce is an emotionally and financially draining process. When children are involved, parents need to try to be their best selves for the benefit of the children, despite the stresses and challenges.”

The guidebook is sprinkled with first-hand anecdotes from individuals and couples both who chose divorce and who decided to reconcile.

“The truth of the matter is that a good marriage and a good divorce are similar in that they both require those involved to be kind and considerate to each other. Both take hard work and require each partner to bring his or her best self to the process. When the hard work is done right, the investment pays off.”

Each of its seven chapters unpacks a pertinent topic in simple language, then provides written exercises to help the reader gauge their interest and ability to act in either direction. It also offers extensive referral recommendations, whether for finding marriage resources, relationship education or marriage therapy, an attorney, help parenting or other family/social information.

The legal options section begins with sage advice from domestic attorney and mediator Tamara Fackrell,* one of the book’s co-authors. “Do not file for divorce in haste. Explore all options and make a conscientious decision, contemplating the short-term and long-term consequences.”

Key Takeaways:

* Acknowledges the potential for reconciliation and its benefit for many.

* Casts vision that unhappy marriages can and often do return to happiness.

* Describes types of effective counseling and marriage resources, including Discernment Counseling.

* Recommends that most low-conflict couples would benefit from working to improve their marriage – for many reasons, but especially the wellbeing of the children.

* Understands that divorce is usually the best options for those in high conflict marriages, especially those involving abuse. Especially helpful: a definition of relational violence that differentiates between “situational couple violence” and “intimate partner terrorism.”

* Details emotional and financial realities for all parties.

* Explains a variety of legal pathways to divorce, including litigation, mediation and collaborative process.

Dr. Hawkins suggests people are often unsure about the decisions they make, with a “great deal of divorce ambivalence among those filing.” He believes couples at the crossroads will make better decisions if time and information are provided to allow them to think from a more rational state of mind.

“The decision to divorce is probably one of the most difficult they’ll have to make,” he said. “You need to take the time to think through to make sure this is the best decision for you and your family.”

To download the guidebook for free, please visit:

About the Authors:

Dr. Alan J. Hawkins, Ph.D., has been a member of the faculty in the School of Family Life at Brigham Young University since 1990. He is the former chair of the Utah Marriage Commission. He also serves on the Research Advisory Group for the Oklahoma Marriage Initiative. He helps teach the required divorce orientation education class for divorcing parents in Utah. He has published dozens of scholarly articles and several books on marriage, divorce, and fathering.

Dr. Tamara A. Fackrell, J.D., Ph.D., is an Attorney Mediator in Utah. She has had a private mediation practice focusing on divorce and domestic mediation since 1997 and a private law practice since 1998 focusing on family law. She earned her Ph.D. in Marriage, Family, andHuman Development from Brigham Young University in 2012. Previously, she graduated cum laude from the BYU Law School. Dr.

Fackrell is a Master Mediator and Primary Trainer for the State of Utah and performs certifications in mediation and divorce mediation for professionals.

Dr. Steven M. Harris, Ph.D., LMFT, is a Professor and Director of the Couple and Family Therapy Program at the University of Minnesota. He also serves as the Associate Director of the Minnesota Couples on the Brink Project. He has served as both a member and the Chair of the Texas Healthy Marriage Initiative’s Research Advisory Group and is currently an active member of the Oklahoma Marriage Initiative’s Research Advisory Group. He publishes and presents regularly on topics related to the practice of marital therapy and discernment counseling.

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Updated: Jan 6

Almost every couple experiences a “rough patch” in their marriage. It might be caused by something serious like marital infidelity, financial crisis or addiction. However, the lure of greener grass elsewhere may entice a husband or wife to consider divorce. As they think about options, many wonder how a divorce would affect their children. The prevailing wisdom of today seeks to paint a rosy picture of life after divorce. Common sentiments include: “Kids are resilient – they’ll heal, they’ll be fine!” and “ It’s better for them when their parents are happy.” Are these ideas true, or just myths? How do children really feel when their parents divorce? What is the residual impact later in life?

Even in their times of deepest pain or dysfunction, most parents feel at least some level of concern about their children’s wellbeing.

“You never find a couple that’s not interested in their children – even their adult children,” says a San Antonio family lawyer with decades of experience.

This article draws from resources noted at the conclusion that convey a different, and I believe, more accurate picture of the reality experienced by children of divorce, and not just in its immediate aftermath, but for decades to come. If you are reading this, you may be considering divorce. Consider these facts:

The following authors propose that the emotional frame of reference for children of divorce never truly recovers.

Social scientists have been studying divorce’s impact on children since at least the 1970s and have compiled a large body of research. Some studies followed these children for more than 25 years, interviewing them at intervals throughout their lives. Others were more objective, collecting and applying statistics to discern social trends. Another author sought children’s input about their parents’ divorces only after they had become adults.

The overriding theme: even in the so-called “best circumstances” the emotions and perceptions of children of divorce are altered in ways that affect them for the rest of their lives.

Kids suffer when moms and dads split up. Licensed counselor Steven Earll states to Amy Desai, J.D. in an August 2001 interview that a parents’ divorce irrevocably shakes a child’s belief system. In a child’s understanding, parents are supposed to be able to overcome obstacles, care for them and make decisions that consider their wellbeing. When parents split, they are prioritizing their own interests. The kids are along for the ride and have no say in the matter.

Parents may find closure with new romances and families, but that is not an avenue of comfort for their children. New partners just introduce problems of living arrangements, stepparents and additional siblings with whom to compete for attention, according to a study by Wallerstein also sourced by Amy Desai.

Earll says divorce shatters a child’s perceptions, “Their only frame of reference of a family is one that includes both mom and dad together. Any other relationship configuration betrays their basic understanding of life.”

Virtually every child suffers from the loss of relationships and security. Thirty years of social science data point to certain risk factors common to children of divorce:

- Academic disadvantage

- Behavioral problems in school

- Lower grades

- More likely to be incarcerated for committing a crime

- Almost five times as likely to live in poverty

- Engaging in drug and alcohol use and premarital sex

- Experience illness more frequently and recover from sickness more slowly

- More likely to suffer child abuse

- Suffer from symptoms of psychological distress

- Carry emotional scars of a parents’ divorce lasting into the child’s adulthood

- Resent both custodial and absent parent *(These statistics are referenced and footnoted in Amy Desai’s

post “How Could Divorce Affect My Kids” published by Focus on the Family, Jan. 1, 2007.)

This list does not predictively doom children to poverty or drug abuse because of a parents’ divorce. However, the majority of research does agree that divorce places children at higher risk for these societal problems.

Unfortunately the picture doesn’t get brighter as time passes. A parents’ divorce continues to impact children’s view of the world and relationships. In the Wallerstein study, “these children continued to experience substantial expectations of failure, fear of loss, fear of change and fear of conflict,” even twenty-five years later. A particular problem area was when the children grew and began forming their own romantic relationships. Wallerstein said, “Contrary to what we have long thought, the major impact of divorce does not occur during childhood or adolescence. Rather, it rises in adulthood as serious romantic relationships move center stage . . . Anxiety leads many [adult children of divorce] into making bad choices in relationships, giving up hastily when problems arise, or avoiding relationships altogether.” (from Amy Desai’s article)

Earll states, “Children never get over divorce. It is a great loss that is in their lives forever. It is like a grief that is never over. All special events, such as holidays, plays, sports, graduations, marriages, births of children, etc., bring up the loss created by divorce as well as the family relationship conflicts that result from the ‘extended family’ celebrating any event.”(From Amy Desai’s article)

Leila Miller recently published the book, Primal Loss - The Now-Adult Children of Divorce Speak – that shares the responses from 70 adult children of divorce. The following conclusions reflect their insights.

Children of divorce will navigate unintended consequences of pain and complications in ways that adults from intact families will never experience. The negative affects of the divorce never end – even if the years immediately afterward are peaceful.

Children of divorce learned the lesson that conflict can lead to permanent separation, which will color every relationship going forward.

In childhood, they were swept along with the adults’ wants and feelings. Their voices were silenced. And even decades later, many feel the need to “be a team player” and go along with the narrative that the divorce was a good thing, even if that contradicts their feelings and experiences.

They hid their devastation because they didn’t want to make their parents feel bad and learned to be ever mindful of their parents’ feelings. This behavior continues as they feel the need to manage their parents’ wellbeing. “A child should never have to take the responsibility of their parents’ emotions, always in the middle, always concerned about one of the other parent’s feelings getting hurt.”

Abandonment issues plague children of divorce. One stated, “As children, they cannot make sense of why daddy or mommy has permanently left the home. As adults, the fear of abandonment —the lesson that ‘love stops’ or conflict leads to permanent separation— continues.”

Other children of divorce report fallout in their own relationships. They “desperately crave intimacy and love, but sabotage relationships.” Another “never learned skills for solving conflict in relationships.”

Adult children of divorce will never see the world the same way. There’s a “sense of having no real home. They must forever navigate two separate worlds. They feel like half of their family tree is truncated.”

They suffer lifelong grief. “It is never over, it just continues in new and unexpected ways.” For the children, there’s “no starting over with a clean slate. Things are always complicated and fractured. An ever-changing and ever-widening gap that only the children are really tasked with straddling and reconciling, season after season, change after change.”

Problems continue to unfold as divorced parents age. Caretaking elderly parents, many of whom struggle with cognitive disorder or debilitating illness, is difficult for adult children under the best circumstances. Now add the loss of resources to cover the cost of expensive care, the difficulty juggling multiple opinions of step-siblings concerning responsibilities and end-of-life decisions, and the increased number of at least one of the parents aging alone and relying on their adult children for support. Once again, adult children of divorce are left managing the aftermath of their parents’ decisions.

As difficult as these facts may be to digest, they are representative of the experiences of the many, many children in America affected by divorce. Please take time to process and consider the end result of a proposed divorce on your children before you make a decision. Hopefully these truths will motivate you to step back from a hasty choice. You may be presently unhappy, but help and hope are available. Many divorces can be avoided through restorative counseling or marriage intensive therapy programs.

The San Antonio Marriage Initiative (SAMI) can point you toward alternatives to divorce. SAMI can connect you to resources and trusted marriage champions who can throw your relationship a lifeline, even for those whose circumstances seem hopeless.

Another myth: divorce dissolves a family. Divorce ends a marriage, but families last forever. What your family and your children’s future will look like depends on you. Choose wisely.

Find more inspiration and resources on the SAMI website, including testimonies from

couples, trusted professionals, marriage events, date night suggestions and more.


Amy Desai, J.D. quotes licensed counselor Steven Earll, M.A., M.S., L.P.C., C.A.C. III and the Wallerstein study.

The Unexpected Legacy of Divorce: The 25 Year Landmark Study Primal Loss: The Now-Adult Children of Divorce Speak 1st Edition by Leila Miller

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Updated: Jan 6

We live in a society where gratification is instant, and everything, including people and relationship, is disposable. We are encouraged to “find our bliss” and move along if anything or anyone is making us unhappy — even our spouse.

Traditionally, the Christian church has attempted to encourage members to preserve marriage — to work out problems and honor marital vows. But with the advent of no- fault divorce in the 1970s, safeguards surrounding marriage began to crumble. Now the rate of divorces among the Christian community looks little different than that of their secular neighbors. The prevailing wisdom is to give up, get out, move on.

That’s why Impossible Marriages Redeemed: They Didn’t End the Story in the Middle, by religion and culture writer Leila Miller is so important. It recounts multiple true examples of couples who, when faced with the most difficult marital problems —adultery, abandonment, addiction — chose to stay in their marriages and found blessing, peace, and for many, rekindled relationship.

The book was birthed out of research done for Leila’s previous title, Primal Loss: The Now-Adult Children of Divorce Speak, in which she curated responses from more than 70 people who answered a series of questions posed to adults whose parents had divorced. She felt the heartbreaking effects of parents’ divorces, told by children often decades later, were “extremely depressing.” One book club told her “it was the most traumatic book they had ever read,” she said. In Primal Loss Leila did include a ray of hope, chapter 10, which relayed the stories of some who had chosen to continue to work through the difficulties in their marriages.

Lay people and clergy alike told her they were searching for a resource to inspire struggling couples to provide hope to those who found themselves in circumstances that seem impossible. As when creating Primal Loss, Leila solicited examples through her blog and social media, which she edited and compiled to create Impossible Marriages Redeemed. She hopes pastors, counselors, friends and family members will give the book to people who are ready to throw in the towel, and that they will find hope in story after story of success, forgiveness and redemption.

Make no mistake, this book describes very real problems — so difficult that it almost defies explanation that they could be resolved. And that is one of the takeaways — these marriages would not have been restored without the grace of Christ and the power of the Holy Spirit. They all required a miraculous intervention and work of God.

“These are not normal stories of troubled marriages,” Leila stressed. “Most troubled marriages are low conflict. These are not those. My point was, if you can overcome these types of things, resolving things in a low conflict marriage should be a no-brainer. The trauma and seriousness of these issues were remarkable, yet the outcomes were amazing.”

Leila pointed out that many of the stories were written by women, not because men are inherently bad or are the ones creating the problems, but because women tend to be better at communicating their feelings and writing down their stories. In fact, she said most of her correspondence is from men who are being abandoned by their wives, validated by statistics that show women now file the majority of divorces.

Leila has been married for 30 years and is the mother of 8 children and 10 grandchildren. She believes that environment is contagious. If friends are getting divorced, “it fuels the fires of discontentment.” She cautions couples to “choose friends wisely, as people get a lot of encouragement to break up their family from their friends.” She added that the results of divorce do not translate to happiness, especially toward the end of life.

“I’m not saying that it will suddenly be wine and roses if you stay, but as in the book’s subtitle, this is the middle of the story,” Leila said. “I think of it like raising a child who has turned into a drug addict or an alcoholic, you don’t stop loving that child, even if you have to separate for a while. You hope and pray until the end. We don’t do that with our spouses, because it is easy to move one. For those who didn’t — there was a miracle at the end. There are beautiful stories of people in their golden years who found a true, deeper love than they had in the beginning.”

Leila likens a person’s sacrificial love for their spouse to that of Christ’s love for his unfaithful bride, the church, for whom he died on the cross. Her last section of the book is dedicated to those she calls the real heroes, the Standers, who chose to continue to honor their marriage vows, even if they are only spouse so doing.

She details a beautiful example of a wife who remained faithful, even though she had not seen her drug-addicted husband in the 13 years following abandonment. She prayed to honor her marital vows until he died. The Lord granted her request — she was able to be present, holding his hand, on her husband’s deathbed.

One caveat for readers who do not share Leila’s Catholic faith, many of those who responded are Catholic, and they couch their faith journey and practices in language with which a Protestant reader might be unfamiliar. A Catholic might use the phrases Adoration or praying the Rosary to describe what another might experience as worship and concerted prayer. During a time of crisis in life, it is right and in fact, crucial, to seek the power of Christ for problems bigger than ourselves. The people portrayed in this

book realized they needed God’s help, and they took action in way consistent with their church practices. We can find common ground is the agreement that the God of the Bible is the God of miracles. Whether through Catholic or Protestant practice and prayer, God can do a work to restore relationships that would otherwise be unredeemable.

A summary from Rob Marco, published in the April 24, 2020 Catholic Stand: “The family depends on marriage, which Satan himself has set out to destroy. It is the great battle of our time. Marriage is the retaining wall which keeps the family from washing out to sea, for as St. John Paul II has said: ‘As the family goes, so goes the nation and so goes the whole world in which we live.’ The fight to save marriages is one that is only won one couple at a time, and its significance should not be understated. Impossible Marriages Redeemed is an important contribution to that preservation.”

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